Nicholas Bakalar reports in the New York Times (Tuesday, December 5, 2017, p. D4) that the trauma experienced by 46,877 Finnish children who were evacuated to Sweden between 1940 and 1944 affected their female children, who “were twice as likely to be hospitalized for a psychiatric illness as their female cousins who had not been evacuated, and more than four times as like to have depression or bipolar disorder.”  These results are similar to what was found by Dr. Joy DeGruy, who has written about the residual impacts of generations of slavery in her book Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome – America’s Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing.